Mandu, a small town , 100 kms from Indore in Madhya Pradesh in central India has a lot of history behind its development. This fortress town on a rocky outcrop was an important place with a rich and varied history. Today Mandu is known for its architectural buildings and structures.
Mandu gained its prominence in 10th & 11th century during Parmar’s dynasty and was later developed by different Afghan and Mughal rulers. It was an important military outpost and its military past can be gauged by the circuit of the battlemented wall, which is nearly 37 km (23 mi) and is punctuated by 12 gateways. The wall encloses a large number of palaces, mosques, Jain temples of 14th century and other buildings.
Fhopos : Jahaz mahal , Jami Mosque , Baz Bahadur’s Palace , Hoshang Shah’s Tomb
Jahaz Mahal or Ship Palace in Mandu is situated between two artificial lakes, this two-storied architectural marvel is so named as it appears as a ship floating in water. Built by Sultan Ghiyas-ud-din-Khalji in 15th century AD, it served as a harem for the sultan. Hindola Mahal – meaning Swing palace is so named due to its sloping side walls and was constructed in 15th century AD is a part of the palace complex and was used as Hall of public audience.
Jami Mosque built in 1405 AD is a notable example of Pashtun ( Afghan ) architecture. Inspired by the great mosque of Damascus , this enormous structure is striking in both its simplicity and architectural style-with large courtyards and grand entrances.
Baz Bahadur Palace was built in 16th-century is famous for its large courtyards encompassed by large halls and high terraces.
Hoshang Shah’s Tomb in Mandu is India’s first marble structure and is the excellent example of Afghan architecture. Hoshang Shah was the ruler of Mandu and had raised the city to its glory. Its unique features include the beautifully proportioned dome, intricate marble lattice work. Perhaps this tomb served as a template for the construction of Taj Mahal.